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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 270-273

Immediate effects of Pranayama on the cardiovascular parameters in hypertensive patients: A review


1 Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga, Ministry of Ayush, Government of India, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Human Physiology, Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga, Ministry of Ayush, Government of India, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rameswar Pal
Department of Human Physiology, Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga, Ministry of Ayush, Government of India, 68, Ashok Road, New Delhi - 110 001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/cmrp.cmrp_63_22

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Many clinical trials and studies have already been conducted and published to find out the effects of yogic practice as well as pranayama on cardiovascular system of hypertensive patients. Many studies also conducted to find out the immediate effects of yogic practice on hypertensive patients. However, a review is rarely been published to find out the immediate effects of pranayama on hypertensive patients. Searching was made through PubMed, Google Scholar, PsychINFO and Scopus using the keywords pranayama and hypertension. A total of seven studies were selected for this review from a 17 articles. Patients of essential hypertension performed different pranayama and showed a result of a significant decrease in various cardiovascular parameters such as heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP). It may be concluded that pranayama practice immediately reduce BP and HR.


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