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 Table of Contents  
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 92-93

Three-Dimensional (3D) scanning applications for COVID-19 pandemic


Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India

Date of Submission24-Nov-2020
Date of Decision12-Feb-2022
Date of Acceptance22-Feb-2022
Date of Web Publication26-Apr-2022

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohd Javaid
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/cmrp.cmrp_72_20

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How to cite this article:
Haleem A, Javaid M. Three-Dimensional (3D) scanning applications for COVID-19 pandemic. Curr Med Res Pract 2022;12:92-3

How to cite this URL:
Haleem A, Javaid M. Three-Dimensional (3D) scanning applications for COVID-19 pandemic. Curr Med Res Pract [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 May 19];12:92-3. Available from: http://www.cmrpjournal.org/text.asp?2022/12/2/92/343937



Dear Editor,

Three-dimensional (3D) scanning technology applications are becoming essential in various engineering fields, medical and others to design and develop multiple parts. During this COVID-19 pandemic, there is a crucial requirement to design and develop multiple essential items for customised protection. Here, 3D scanning can be introduced in the medical field to create custom products as humans are blessed with varied anthropometric data. The complete personal protection equipment (PPE) such as gloves, cloths, masks, face shields and other protected items can be designed to protect from the COVID-19 pandemic.[1],[2]

Healthcare is supported through applications of significant technological advancements. 3D scanning technologies such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, X-rays and ultrasound have matured and providing extensive application avenues. These technologies provide information on various human hard and soft tissues but are unsuitable for designing and developing medical implants, tools and devices. During this COVID-19 pandemic, doctors can use this technology to treat COVID-19 patients with minimum risks better. It designed medical parts as per the required specifications. This technology can appropriately measure the skin surface area or an individual part of the infected patient.

3D scanning can rapidly capture an accurate 3D image with precise measurement without physical contact. The scanned data can be used conveniently to create a 3D computer-aided design (CAD) model in the form of point cloud data. 3D scanning technology is more comfortable than other traditional scanning technologies.[3],[4] It facilitates the rapid deigning of implants and helps design and develop various other items such as gloves, prosthetics and anatomical models as per the required shape and colour safely. It is also suitable for designing custom clothing for doctors and patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, a complex medical model can be designed in less time and prototypes printed at an overall lower cost, which provides success.

A 3D blue light scanner is a noncontact measuring device which converts the physical part into a 3D digital model. During this COVID-19 pandemic, various protected items are required for everyone. Hence, this technology can fulfil customised requirements. This technology is suitable for various medical applications for daily life practice in the current scenario. It can design protected items as per the match of people. Doctors and researchers can now translate their innovative ideas into reality.[5],[6],[7],[8],[9] The significant applications of 3D scanning for the COVID-19 pandemic are discussed in [Table 1].
Table 1: Significant applications of 3D scanning for COVID-19 pandemic

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Scientists and researchers are now exploring applications of this technology for product development, research and commercialisation. It is used to document all medical parts used during the COVID-19 pandemic. It provides an appropriate customised medical solution for the individualised requirements of the affected person. This technology can only measure/scan the body's outer surface or part/model, which is the major limitation of this technology.[10],[11] The scanning of the external surface of the human body can be done without any risk of damaging the body part. It is suitable for both large and small objects. 3D scanning is flexible during any changes in the camera and projector and improving the accuracy during scanning. It enhances communication between the doctor, surgeon and the COVID-19 patient.

3D scanning is helpful for the design of human body metrics. Partly designed by this technology is an exact fit for the people who provide comfort after wearing. 3D printing offers production flexibility for the manufacturing of customised products in a remote location. With the integration of 3D printing, 3D scanning and support software solutions, additive manufacturing becomes helpful in confronting COVID-19 pandemic challenges. Overall 3D scanning enhances the capability to design various essential items such as face masks, PPE kits, gloves and other medical items. Specifically, 3D scanner bases applications are to be explored in helping humankind.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Glad S. 3D laser scanning accelerates PPE mask production for the COVID-19 pandemic. In: Plant Engineering 2020. Available from: https://www.plantengineering.com/articles/3d-laser-scanning-accelerates-production-of-ppe-masks-for-covid-19-pandemic/. [Last accessed on 2022 Feb 11].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Javaid M, Haleem A, Vaishya R, Bahl S, Suman R, Vaish A. Industry 4.0 technologies and their applications in fighting COVID-19 pandemic. Diabetes Metab Syndr 2020;14:419-22.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Vafea MT, Atalla E, Georgakas J, Shehadeh F, Mylona EK, Kalligeros M, et al. Emerging technologies for use in the study, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with COVID-19. Cell Mol Bioeng 2020;13:249-57.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Suri JS, Puvvula A, Biswas M, Majhail M, Saba L, Faa G, et al. COVID-19 pathways for brain and heart injury in comorbidity patients: A role of medical imaging and artificial intelligence-based COVID severity classification: A review. Comput Biol Med 2020;124:103960.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Ishack S, Lipner SR. Applications of 3D printing technology to address COVID-19-related supply shortages. Am J Med 2020;133:771-3.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Swennen GR, Pottel L, Haers PE. Custom-made 3D-printed face masks in case of pandemic crisis situations with a lack of commercially available FFP2/3 masks. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020;49:673-7.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Wesemann C, Pieralli S, Fretwurst T, Nold J, Nelson K, Schmelzeisen R, et al. 3-D printed protective equipment during COVID-19 pandemic. Materials (Basel) 2020;13:1997.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Alteri A, Pisaturo V, Somigliana E, Viganò P. Cryopreservation in reproductive medicine during the COVID-19 pandemic: Rethinking policies and European safety regulations. Hum Reprod 2020;35:2650-7.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Madurai Elavarasan R, Pugazhendhi R. Restructured society and environment: A review on potential technological strategies to control the COVID-19 pandemic. Sci Total Environ 2020;725:138858.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Kumar A, Sharma K, Singh H, Naugriya SG, Gill SS, Buyya R. A drone-based networked system and methods for combating coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Future Gener Comput Syst 2021;115:1-19.  Back to cited text no. 10
    
11.
Yan T, Wong PK, Ren H, Wang H, Wang J, Li Y. Automatic distinction between COVID-19 and common pneumonia using multi-scale convolutional neural network on chest CT scans. Chaos Solitons Fractals 2020;140:110153.  Back to cited text no. 11
    



 
 
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