|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 199-200
Advancement of multi-agent system in healthcare during COVID-19 pandemic
Shashi Bahl1, Ashok Kumar Bagha2, Mohd Javaid3, Abid Haleem3
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, I.K. Gujral Punjab Technical University, Hoshiarpur Campus, Hoshiarpur, Punjab, India
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab, India
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
|Date of Submission||23-Nov-2020|
|Date of Acceptance||06-Jul-2021|
|Date of Web Publication||21-Aug-2021|
Dr. Shashi Bahl
Department of Mechanical Engineering, I.K. Gujral Punjab Technical University, Hoshiarpur Campus, Hoshiarpur - 146 001, Punjab
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Bahl S, Bagha AK, Javaid M, Haleem A. Advancement of multi-agent system in healthcare during COVID-19 pandemic. Curr Med Res Pract 2021;11:199-200
A multi-agent system (MAS) is an efficient approach to combat the complex structure of the e-medicine system. The main features of the MAS are decentralization, flexibility, personalization, proactivity and security, which enable this platform of a patient to combat the pandemic. This system consists of a set of agents that divide a problem into sub-problems, which may be solved by these autonomous entities, for example, CARREL. Based on the degree of the interdependency of tasks, agents may be concurrently running in various computers. The general performance of the system is improved; for example, health agents. MAS can change dynamically at runtime, for example, K4care. Personal agents associated with each patient may continuously monitor his/her medical information and raise the appropriate alarms when a problem is detected; for example, GerAmI and Aingeru.,
[Figure 1] represents the MAS process for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. [Figure 1] also shows how the patient goes through the admission and treatment process. If the patient does not have a badge, the data recorded during its transition at bed reservation service are verified and completed. A hospitalisation badge is then given to the patient, this contains data related to his/her stay, and then, all the data will be displayed on healthcare worksheets. If the patient has a valid hospitalisation badge, then he/she will go to the concerning care units (CUs). Medical staff indicates all the related information regarding a patient, his/her symptoms and all the necessary test reports for COVID-19 on designed healthcare worksheets. Once the treatments in the CU are finished, then the patient goes for other medico-technical examination. On being tested positive for coronavirus, appropriate treatment of the patient is started. This treatment changes as per the condition of the patient. On completing the treatment process, the patient is re-tested for COVID-19, and if the patient is tested negative, then he/she will be discharged. MAS is Industry 4.0 Technology, and some Industry 4.0 technologies are already discussed in context of COVID-19 pandemic.,,,,,
|Figure 1: Multi-agent system enabled process for the treatment of patients during COVID-19 pandemic|
Click here to view
MAS deals with multiple sources of data. These data should be appropriately modified to gain sufficient health and medical records to support medical decisions. Healthcare services, a distributed agent-based platform, are used to provide healthcare service to patients and professionals who are practicing.,, It allows healthcare professionals to execute clinical guidelines. In MAS, each patient is provided with personal agents. Hence, personal agent associated with the patient is continuously monitored.
This system is an agent-based system that can be applied during this crisis in medical data management. It develops various interfaces to combine the existing information system. A MAS ceaselessly monitors patient and medical contact centers simultaneously. SHARE-it (Supported Human Autonomy for Recovery Enhancement of cognitive and motor disabilities using agent technologies) provides a collaboration of the MAS with other technologies to produce e-tools for persons with physical disorders and senior citizens. K4care platform is a multi-agent–based system that provides e-services to caregivers and patients. In the future, MAS will become a powerful approach that could solve various healthcare problems.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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